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Social Issues- Using the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals

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Essay #2 – ENGL 121 Assignment

Dana Blank

Lansing Community College


Subject:  Social Issues- Using the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals


After reading Chapter 10 in Let’s Talk prepare to write a report using an SDG (Sustainable Development Goal) that you are interested in.

A)   You’ll see a chart posted of the the SDG’s.  This will give you a feel for what they are.

B)   There is a more in-depth chart posted that, when clicked on to make larger, will show the SDG’s broken down into sub-topics for you to peruse and really hone in and find something you’re passionate about.

C)   There is an SDG booklet that also explains the parameters of each of the goals. 

D)   Choose an SDG and share it in the Discussion Board.  I’d like it if most, if not all, of the SDG’s are covered by the number of students we have in class.  In other words, if someone else posts about an SDG, try to find another one.  If you are very passionate about a particular one that’s already been taken, please let me know.  By no means do I want to quash your passion and inspiration pertaining to a particular topic.

You will be writing a Report based on the steps and tips from Chapter 10.  It needs to be about 1300 words (three full pages going onto the fourth), with content appropriate for a college audience. It should have focus, development, organization, and expression appropriate for the purpose.  (Follow your ENGL 121 writing rubric as a guide!)  Make sure that you are clear on the SDG you are writing about.

The Guide to Developing a Report starts on page 158 in Let’s Talk.  Follow the steps provided.

Make sure your essay has: a solid these statement, an introduction, body, and conclusion.  You will need to use supporting details to support your idea (i.e. thesis).  Make sure your thesis is the last line of your introductory paragraph; underline it.  (See pg. 160).  Make sure it guides your entire paper and shows a focus.  Use the expository methods gone over in class to inform your audience: description, sequence, comparison/contrast, cause and effect, and problem-solution as strategies.

1)    Make sure you’ve completed the research tutorials at the Library at LCC. 

2)    Go to www.mel.org and create an account and explore the databases and other offerings at mel.org (Michigan Electronic Library).

3)    Choose your UN Sustainable Development Goal.  Choose one that you have a personal connection to.  That does NOT mean if you choose “Zero Hunger” that you have been at a food pantry.  It does mean that maybe you know of someone who has been to a food pantry, you’ve participated in raising food for poverty-stricken people, or you’ve helped at a food bank… you have some type of connection.


Remember, your thesis should be something fresh and new… possibly a solution… that can alleviate or help alleviate the problem you’re reporting about.

Idea--  Thought about the ide

4)    Next, with your thesis and idea in mind, find the three (3) current articles that will provide support and credibility to your paper. Make sure you’ve highlighted information in them that will help support your thesis.  You will have a minimum of four (4) credible sources in this paper.  The fourth source should be the U.N. website  and/or other SDG sources I already had you peruse. 

5)    Do some brainstorming (pg. 158) and create some type of pre-writing activities that breaks down your topic.  (This could be a fishbone diagram, mind mapping, cloud diagram.)

6)    Put your pre-writing diagram into an outline.  Make sure you are indenting and adding supporting details.  Your outline should be 2-3 pages typed.  It needs to be the skeleton of your entire paper.  Off to the side, hand write / or put in color where your sources will be incorporated.

7)    Write the first draft of your rough draft.  Make sure you pay attention to the following:

Use 12 pt. Times Roman, 1” margins, double space (reformat in Word)

A)   Thesis = idea --- thought about that idea.

B)   Make sure your thesis is the last line of the introductory paragraph and that it is underlined.  This will help you stay focused on it.  Your thesis is like an “umbrella” for your paper and everything you write should fall underneath it and connect up to it.

C)   Paragraphs- Organize your report to suit your topic (pg. 169).  You may use comparison… examples.  You want to make sure you include one visual.  Keep in mind your target audience.

D)   Stick to 3rd and 1st person; no second person!  80/20 rule- 80% 3rd person and 20% 1st.

            Your support from your sources is included in your 20%.

E)    Check for writer’s voice- use figurative language, details, and vary sentence length.

F)    Add vitality- combine sentences, repeat structures, intensify verbs.

G)   Put in your MLA in-text parenthetical citations or signal phrases.  You need a minimum of four (4)* that link to an MLA Works Cited page. {3 articles / the UN website}

*For this length of paper, four sources should be plenty. 

H)   Create your correctly formatted MLA Works Cited page.

I)     Step away from the text for a period of time; use the ENGL 121 rubric to cross-check, re-examine and revise. Consult your MLA handouts to check and re-check your MLA Works Cited page.


J)     Make any changes needed to this Rough Draft.  Submit Essay #2 into Turnitin.com.

K)   Connect with two other students in class and peer edit each other’s papers.  You may do this by using Google drive, emailing and scanning, etc.

L)     Using the peer editors’ comments and your turnitin.com grammar results to finalize your paper.  With your computer, highlight eight (8) words that you changed into more complex words using a thesaurus

Turn in     One final draft with highlighted thesaurus words.  (Double check in-text citations and

to the              signal phrases)  Your final draft also needs a visual incorporated into it.

Dropboxes:   MLA Works Cited page. This needs to be correctly written.

       2-3 page typed outline that has details AND where your sources will be incorporated.

Names for credit of your two in-class peer editors.

Turnitin.com RD (I will have this electronically, so I can access it in the program)

Pre-writing activity


Student’s Name


Professor’s Name


14: Life Below Water

The conservation of water resources is entirely under the responsibility of humans. Humans have a great influence on the states of water sources; they may choose to conserve, ignore or deteriorate it. The United Nations Environmental Programme, UNEP, set this goal to conserve and sustainably use seas, oceans, and marine resources for sustainable development. Water covers not less than 70 percent of the earth’s surface and has a significant role to play in supporting life on earth. Oceans are very diverse in supporting ecosystems, regulation of climate, and regional and international cycling.  Oceans are liable for providing for natural resources like substances, energy, materials, and food, among other resources. Oceans and general water bodies, when protected, may significantly contribute to poverty reduction in offering employment through fishing, improving health, maintaining marine life, and tourism, among other benefits. The conservation and the sustainable use of oceans, seas, and marine resources improve sea health, reduction of poverty, recreation, transportation, and regulation of climate.

            “Life below water” goal has helped in protecting and maintaining food supply from sea and oceans. Unsustainable use of ocean resources can lead to the depletion of the same by either killing the seafood creatures or overfishing (Lee., 462).  . Ocean and sea provide much more than just seafood, but form ingredients to other food supplements.  Some of the foods that are sourced from oceans and remain subject to depletion to unsustainable use include invertebrates, plants, fish, marine mammals, seabirds for aquaculture feeds and for direct consumption. SDG 14 of UNEP aimed at obtaining these food benefits of marine life without compromising the ability of the future generation to meet their own food needs from the water, compromising the ability of the ocean to continue providing these essential benefits. Oceans have to be used in a way that they can continue with reuse without depletion. Nearly an estimation of 5 percent of the protein consumed in the world today is sourced from the seas (Avadí and Pierre, 29). Seafood serves as an important contribution to the basket of food for the more than 4 million world’s inhabitants.

Additionally, sea and oceans, when used sustainably, provide continuous job creation and thus a poverty eradication scheme. In order to achieve SDG 14, which is aimed...


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