Jumpstart Your Paper

Browse our Free Essay examples and check out our Writing tools to get your assignments done.


9 page
Solution Available NOW
English (U.S.)
Total cost:
$ 28





Student’s Name


Course Name


Due Date


Exceptionality is a term used to describe both disadvantaged and super talented student students in academic perspectives. For the cases of disadvantaged students, exceptionality describes students with learning difficulties emanating from physical or mental impairment. According to Wormald, Rogers & Vialle (2015), learning disabled students have an intelligence quotient of less than 80, hence low retention of memories.  On the flip side, exceptionality describes students gifted with a high intelligent quotient of above 120. Such students have high redetention memory and grasp concepts very fast. Therefore, exceptionality effects can confer either a positive or negative impact on students learning capabilities. However, the adverse effects of the exceptionalities are more pronounced than their positive impacts on learning outcomes. Exceptionalities in learning are identified in various forms, such as hearing impairment, visual impairment, and disability in speaking. Theories such as institutional, interactional, and structural explain the concept of exceptionalities and teach how to help students with learning disabilities.


Theories of Exceptionalities

Interactional Theories

Interactional theories emphasize relationships between groups of people and individuals, assisting in determining bias in referral and evaluation that serve both professional and individual interests. Medically learning disability is defined as a neurological disorder within students' mental regions (Hardman, Egan & Drew, 2017). However, specific limitation in learning emanates from the damage of brain cell rather than cellular brain injury. For instance, learning disorder is diagnosed with the presence of symptoms such as an individual having low retention memory relative to the person's age, which is measured in terms of the intelligent quotient. Inability to retain memory for a considerable length of time interferes with daily life activities and learning ability. The impairment does not only necessarily depict the learning disability in neurological, but also a child performing poorly in psychological tests can be construed to learning disabled. Individuals with learning disabilities demonstrate a lack of specificity and universality misses in children with a learning disability.

 According to the study on learning disability, not more than one percent of the children identified with learning disability depict vivid neurological symptoms of deformity.  Additionally, it is argued in an academic setting that most students associated with learning disorders are below the federal definition guidelines, but their academic performance is quite different from those of students in a battery of psycho-academic tests. Apart from neurological functionality, other behaviors can determine the children with learning deformity (Ronksley-Pavia, 2015). As a result, referring students for medical evaluation is subjective based on school administration and teachers' judgment of...


Not exactly what you need?

Do you need a custom essay? Order right now:
Related Topics: